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Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers

Abstracts of presentations

Day 3, Workshop 6

Drayer, J.M.H. / Osse, A.M.T.:
Suggestions for a Training Program

Drayer and Osse ask why corruption persists in police forces, and how training programs can assist in preventing corruption. The paper presents a general theory concerning corruption-prevention. The theory encompasses a definition of corruption and an explanation about the corruption process. By showing how this process takes place, means of intervention are suggested. For this the basis concepts of our training model are given.

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Girodo, Michel :
BRASS: Behaviour Risk Assessment and Strategic Systems

The Behaviour Risk Assessment and Strategic Systems (BRASS) is a preventative risk assessment and educational strategy for strengthening unit control systems for police and reinforcing individual integrity. First developed for undercover units of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, it is the principal control method for the organised crime units of the Quebec Provincial Police. BRASS has been successfully used by high risk narcotics and organised crime units in several countries. It is a three day corruption prevention program aimed at: (1) assessing the risk of corruption and professional misconduct linked to 12 known indicators of weakening personal integrity, and to 60 high risk work practices; (2) educating officers and managers about their own risks and those of the unit as a whole; and (3) rehabilitating integrity and shoring up unit weaknesses with policies and procedures tailored to the organisation.

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Grobler, Stefan :
Setting Up an Effective Anti-Corruption Unit Within a Law Enforcement Organisation

The Director of the National Anti-Corruption Unit of the South African Police Service describes the problems and lessons of the establishment and running of his Unit.

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Irwin, Marshall P. :
Civilian Oversight of Police: Some Australian Models

During the 1980's in Australia and abroad, police agencies were forced increasingly to share responsibility for maintaining appropriate levels of discipline with civilian review or oversight bodies. The establishment of such permanent independent statutory agencies with significant powers to investigate alleged police corruption and to oversight internal police investigations into misconduct has been seen as a vital antidote to cyclical corruption. It involves a significant and symbolic demonstration by governments that corruption will not be tolerated and that significant steps to eradicate it will be taken. However because corruption is not something that can be treated exclusively by investigation and punishment, the strategies should include the creation of attitudinal change and the right environment and human resource management which emphasises a proactive remedial approach. The paper presents the two most developed Australian models of police oversight which operate to different degrees in conjunction with internal disciplinary mechanisms and human resource management. It is concluded that there is a necessity for these models to continue to evolve and be scrutinised. This will ensure that corruption can be minimised and public confidence will be maintained both in the system and the police service. This will bring with it the support for the police services which is essential to the maintenance of the rule of law.

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Kubic, Thomas :
Developing an Ethical Police Force

The paper presents a variety of policies, practices and procedures designed to limit the incidence of corruption which have been developed by the FBI. Two specific case studies of FBI investigative case work into police corruption are discussed, as is the question whether police Executives can identify a "pre-disposition" to corruption.

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