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Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers

Abstracts of presentations

Day 3, Workshop 3

Camerer, Lala :
Tackling The Multi-Headed Dragon: Evaluating Prospects for a Single Anti-Corruption Agency in South Africa

It is clear that a key issue in the anti-corruption debate in South Africa concerns whether or not to improve the effectiveness of existing bodies tasked with an anti-corruption mandate, particularly in terms of investigation and prosecution, or whether to replace these institutions by a single anti-corruption agency. This paper explores these options in a number of ways: firstly, by examining the politics of anti-corruption controls and establishing broad criteria for successful and effective anti-corruption agencies; secondly, by looking at international models, in particular Hong Kong's Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC); thirdly, by examining the context in which the South African debate is taking place. with a particular focus on the Heath Special Investigating Unit; and finally, by considering the key issues, advantages and objectives of co-ordination in order to assess the most viable way forward.

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Chen, Chang-zhi :
Strengthening Construction of a Clean and Honest Government and Pushing Ahead with Anti-Corruption Struggle into the New Century

The paper summarises China's anti-corruption efforts.

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Olowu, Bamidele :
Combatting Corruption and Economic Crime in Africa: an Evaluation of the Botswana Directorate of Corruption and Economic Crime

The Botswana Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was created in August 1994 against the background of a number of scandals in Botswana's public life. The Directorate is now over five years old. Among its main achievements are its successful orchestration of a campaign among the general public against corruption and a high conviction rate of investigated cases. And, this is against a background of many problems confronting the agency. This article highlights the successes and problems of the Botswana DCEC. In addition, the paper reflects on the relevance of the Botswana experience for other less developed countries (LDCs) and especially those in Africa, which must win the war against corruption if they are to have a good chance of success in improving their countries' development prospects.

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Pienaar, Gary :
The Role of the Ombudsman in Fighting Corruption

The paper describes the concept and practice of the Ombudsman, with special reference to South Africa's Public Protector. An Ombudsman often views corruption more broadly than the technical or legal definition, since the deterioration of moral or ethical standards in the Public Service, the perversion of the integrity of its officials inevitably results in the destruction of an efficient state administration. Some specific problems of the South African experience are also discussed.

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Santistevan de Noriega, Jorge:
The Ombudsman and the Latin American Experience

The presentation traces the background, context and experience of Ombudsmen in Latin America, with special reference to their role in fighting corruption.

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