The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference
EVALUATION AND EFFECTIVENESS OF ETHICS PROGRAMS
Programme for Economic and Administrative Development
- UN not in the business of evaluating member countries; rather the
secretariat is accountable to the countries; has a role to play in
assisting countries to evaluate themselves
- During this presentation, want to cover the basics of evaluation
at a very general level and incorporate some of UN and UNDP work as
examples; happy to take more specific questions later.
- What is program evaluation? Process to measure the outputs,
outcomes, and impacts of a program. (explain)
- Why do we carry out evaluation? To ensure that ethics programs are
having intended effects. Are they reaching their objectives of
guiding public officials, managing the system in place, and rewarding
good behaviour and sanctioning behaviour that breaks rules? Often
generates anxiety about failure to measure up. Results will reflect
badly upon an organisation or country. But this is an integral part
of ensuring program effectiveness and ultimately accountability about
the value of the program to the public.
- Who carries out evaluations?
At the ministry or agency level:
At the country level:
- self- agency itself;
- peer - other agencies;
- "experts"-oversight, consultancy, co-ordinating agency;
- the public - the ultimate "evaluators" of ethics programs.
- self- national integrity workshops with all stakeholders;
- peer review - regional level where look at the programs and their elements
with a view to recognising best practices and benchmarks.
- How to carry out evaluations and benefit from experience of others?
e.g. Public Service Ethics in Africa: comparative study of
ethics systems in 10 countries: Cameroon, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda to
establish a database of actual policies, legislation, regulations,
programs, and institutions that make up ethics systems to assist
countries to establish best practices and set benchmarks or establish
national priorities and goals; see summary.
- When carry out evaluations?
Periodic regular evaluations but also
as a result of regional agreements or guiding principles. Heard about
the GCA principles against corruption in Africa; regarding ethics
systems there is the Rabat Declaration: mention charter and code of
- Evaluations: not seen as threats but opportunities.
International organisations can assist in providing a forum for
countries to look at themselves in the light of what others are doing;
recognise best practices and benchmarks. Integral part of ethics
management in the public sector. Important to highlight that they are
NOT the experts evaluating members but are simply facilitating a
process of peer and ultimately self-evaluation.