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INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE (IACC)
Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers


Abstracts of presentations

Day 3, Plenary Sessions



Asmal, Kader :
Introductory Remarks


A chairman of the plenary on Ethics, Accountability and Good Governance, Prof. Asmal introduces the subject, focusing on the obligation of the Government to create the right climate for strengthening a democratic order and public ethics. It must be accountable, transparent, accessible and responsive to the views and complaints of the governed. He then poses a series of questions to be considered in discussion.

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Kamal, Mustafa :
Ethics, Accountability and Good Governance


The basic problem of maintaining an ethical regime in any nations' life is the entrenched belief of a powerful group of politicians, bureaucrats, business and industrial personalities, organisations, that law and judicial systems exist for those who are less equal than them while they float above the law and the arms of the court are not long enough to reach them. If corruption is to be combated, it would have to be addressed both by way of a change of heart and a change of consequences.

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Kabbaj, Omar :
Statement to the Plenary


The statement describes the commitment of the African Development Bank to promoting good governance. It is seen as crucial to the overall goal of reducing poverty and encouraging sustainable development.

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Bohata, Marie :
Ethics, Accountability and Good Governance: A Perspective from an Emerging Market Economy


The core of the transformation of totalitarian regimes and centrally planned economies into democracies and market economies is the transformation of power and the creation of new power relations. This requires fundamental changes in the existing institutional environment. However, the need for building and cultivating an appropriate legal framework as well as an informal (ethical) infrastructure of the market has been underestimated and in some respects even neglected. In the CR, the main reason may be attributed to a perceived need to proceed with marketisation of the economy as quickly as possible. The new institutional system, centred around altered ownership rights, lacks of checks and balances on power. There seems to be a consensus that the first step in institution building should be a rigorous legal infrastructure. The challenge here is not only that the new laws be passed but also correctly interpreted and fully enforced.

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Hossain, Kamal :
Ethics, Accountability And Good Governance - Some Reflections


Most of the countries in Asia and Africa are in the midst of a dual transition towards a market economy, and a democratic political order. It has been our common experience that there is an increase in opportunities for corruption during the process of transition. The aim must clearly be to curb those temptations. Ethics and good governance are needed to place governments under greater scrutiny, and to induce powerful corporations to become socially responsible corporate citizens which are accountable and which recognise their obligation to conduct their activities transparently and in accordance with the "the rules".

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