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INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE (IACC)
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers


INTEGRATING SOCIO-ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES AND TRANSPARENCY IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT -THE SOUTH AFRICAN EXPERIENCE

Deen Letchmiah


KEY ISSUES

1. Public Procurement - Instrument of Government Policy

2. Understand the imperatives of developing countries, especially the attainment of socio-economic objectives.

3. Focus on managing corruption (rather than elimination)

4. Pillars of Public Procurement

5. Essential component - Access to information

6. South African Experience

THE NEED TO PROMOTE SOCIO-ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES

  • DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - OBJECTIVES OF PROCUREMENT REFORM
    • Good Governance
    • Achieving socio-economic objectives

  • CLEARLY IDENTIFY AND DEFINE OBJECTIVES
    • Promote SMMEs
    • Job creation
    • Local resources and capacity building
    • Training and skills transfer
    • Affirmative (targeted) procurement
    • Community participation

  • TARGET GROUPS AND GOALS MUST BE:
    • Definable
    • Measurable
    • Verifiable
    • Auditable

PILLARS OF PUBLIC PROCUREMENT

  • Political Endorsement and Commitment

  • Enabling Legislation and Regulations

  • Well Trained and Competent Officials

  • Informed, Willing and Supportive Businesses

ACCESS TO INFORMATION

  • Notification of tender opportunities

  • Uniformity in tender documentation

  • Clear adjudication criteria

  • Systems for de-briefing

  • Code of Ethics

  • Procurement Ombudsperson

SOUTH AFRICAN EXPERIENCE

  • CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

  • CONCEPT OF VALUE FOR MONEY
    • Lowest price Vs Best Value
    • Product Vs Process
    • Human Resource Specifications
    • Development Objective /Price Mechanism

  • MONITORING AND EVALUATION
    • Verifying information
    • Contract monitoring
    • Penalties for non-compliance

  • LEGAL PRECEDENTS

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