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INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE (IACC)
Programme Papers from the 9th IACC
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The 9th International Anti-Corruption Conference

The Papers


Abstracts of presentations

Day 2, Workshop 10




Ghana's National Anti-Corruption Strategy


The Strategy was developed by representatives from state institutions and non-governmental organisations in collaboration with the World Bank as part of its pilot programme for controlling corruption. It is based on a number of assumptions. First, that corruption is endemic in Ghanaian society and is a serious impediment to economic and social development. Second, previous attempts at curbing this canker have failed because they failed to identify and address the underlying causes of the problem, the anti-corruption crusade was not participatory and the emphasis was solely on law enforcement by the use of draconian anti-corruption laws and stiff penalties. The Matrix identifies the problem areas in fighting corruption, the steps, if any, that have already been taken to address these problems, and the steps that need to be taken in the short, medium and long term. The programme also assesses a time frame for implementation of the program and the expected results.

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Malawi's National Anti-Corruption Strategy


The strategy was developed with the Government and other stake holders, as part of the World Bank's pilot programme for controlling corruption, which is being implemented in seven African countries, including Malawi. The matrices and action plans which have been developed, cover financial management and procurement, rule of law, customs reform, and civil service reform. The following are the prioritised concrete actions to take or already undertaken as per subject of intervention. Customs Reform, Rule of Law, Financial Management, and Procurement.

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Tanzania's National Anti-Corruption Strategy


In Tanzania, corruption has been publicly debated and combated since 1995, when the fight against corruption became the election manifesto of President Benjamin William Mkapa who, on coming to power, appointed a commission in preparing a report ("The Warioba Report") on the state of corruption in Tanzania. Efforts to combat corruption in government institutions were therefore put in place and this included, amongst others, removal of corrupt elements who held leadership positions. In addition, significant strengthening of the Prevention of Corruption Bureau was put underway. It was soon realised that an holistic approach involving all other stakeholders was needed. By March 1999 the Tanzanian Government embarked on formulating a National Anti- Corruption Strategy through involvement of government ministries, NGOs, the private sector, civic associations, donors, the media, religious organisations and so forth. This strategy document sets out an anti-corruption programme covering all sectors and dealing with key elements of prevention, enforcement, raising public awareness and institution building. The priority areas of the strategy are: Rule of Law; Financial Discipline; Procurement; Public Awareness; Public Service; and Media.

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